Diseases that can be treated with leeches

Ulcers & Leech therapy

According to medical statistics, most often trophic ulcers on the legs-a consequence of varicose veins.
Leg ulcers? Only a leech!

Trophic ulcers of the lower extremities have accompanied human civilization for thousands of years. References can be found in ancient Egypt, among the dynasty of pharaohs.

The relevance of this problem in modern man only worsened despite the significant progress of current medicine.

Violation of trophic processes of the lower extremities is a consequence of a variety of diseases that violate local blood circulation in the arterial, venous, lymphatic systems, including the microcirculatory level of the lesion. Various injuries to the skin, soft tissues, peripheral nerve damage can also be the cause of trophic ulcers.

There are many forms of skin diseases, which in long-term long-term course lead to serious trophic disorders in the lower extremities.

According to medical statistics, most often trophic ulcers on the legs-a consequence of varicose veins. And this occurs when the process of chronification, thrombophlebitis and problems of deep veins of the legs. The gravitational load on the lymphatic and venous vessels during decompensation of the valve apparatus of these vessels is observed after 40 years(in women giving birth happens before). Hence the violation of blood circulation and nutrition of skin tissues of the feet.

The origins of trophic ulcers are born with different methods of sclerosing or removing the superficial veins of the legs, which are used for varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, or even just for cosmetic reasons. And already deep vein thrombosis of the venous system is the main cause of ulcers of the lower extremities. Excessive elastic bandaging or too tight elastic stockings also exacerbate problems with the blood circulation of the legs and accelerate the formation of trophic ulcers of the Shin and feet.

Ulcers associated with problems of the arteries of the legs are less common and associated with the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques in the inner wall of the arterial vessels and their subsequent narrowing. This naturally leads to local problems of nutrition and respiration of underlying skin tissues.

Mixed causes, i.e. the combination of reduced functional capacity of arterial vessels and venous-lymphatic system lead to the aggravation of the processes of dystrophy of the tissues of the lower extremities.
Traumatic lesions are also one of the leading causes of trophic ulcers.

Minor injury to the skin, soft tissues of the limb in the form of a bruise, a small cut, skin damage when wearing incorrectly selected shoes with a rough inner seam, can provoke the appearance of an ulcer.
Further, according to statistics, the cause of trophic disorders of the skin of the legs is diabetic vascular lesions and a tendency to infection and chronic inflammation of the skin of the lower extremities.

Such ulcers occur in patients with diabetes mellitus, complicated by severe neuropathy, with complete or partial loss of sensitivity from the lower extremities.

The absence of pain in the area of ulcers, due to the violation of innervation, leads to the fact that patients very late seek help. The most serious complication in this situation is the accession of the infection with the rapid development of wet gangrene, requiring amputation to save the limb.

Metabolic and electrolyte disorders in chronic renal failure are another cause of trophic disorders.
And finally, the neurotrophic ulcers that are observed in patients who have had a history of spinal or peripheral nerve injury. The appearance of trophic ulcers on the lower extremities in patients with trauma is usually associated with damage to the sciatic or tibial nerve. In addition to skin manifestations, there are neurological symptoms and osteoporosis phenomena-a decrease in bone strength. In the area of these ulcers there is a sharp decrease in sensitivity. In most cases, these sores develop in the later stages after the trauma.

Also, these above-mentioned causes of ulcers on the shins and feet can be combined in various combinations and enhance the development of ulcers.

Treatment of these processes, despite the progress of modern medicine, remains problematic and often ends with amputation of the lower limb. Hopes for laser therapy and hyperbaric oxygenation have not fully justified. Most patients are forced to use conservative treatments with aerosols or ointments containing steroids, antibiotics and vasoactive local drugs. Those who have met with trophic ulcers of the skin of the feet know how hard it is to deal with the manifestations of this disease.

The use of medical leeches for treatment of this pathology gives amazing results, unattainable in the existing methods of treatment.


Why medical leech treatment has always been traditionally used and is used for trophic ulcers, why is it so effective and gives a stable stable result?

Everything is revealed, if we consider the mechanism of action of medical leeches. When the prefix leeches sucked a small part of stagnant blood and after its formulation in the human body appear:
  • hirudin that thins the blood, removing microthrombuses of the smallest vessels and greatly increases the microcirculation of the tissue, i.e. increasing the nutrition and respiration of tissues, as well as more rapidly removing the products of exchanges and toxins.
  • hyaluronidase, or lidase, which dissolves scar changes in tissues and restores the metabolic processes between blood vessels and tissues of the body; hyaluronidase also has antibacterial effect.
  • bdellin, which has an anti-inflammatory effect.
  • acetylcholine, has the ability to relieve spasm of smooth muscles, relaxes blood vessels.
  • Kalin gently and steadily reduces blood viscosity
  • hirustazin, helps to maintain normal blood pressure
  • tryptase, which has an anti-allergic effect and promotes the breakdown of fat deposits in tissues
The saliva of leeches is able to destroy various microorganisms that get into the ulcer, and also increases local immunity.

In General, leech blood medical researchers have found about 100 biologically active ingredients that affect the biological processes in the tissues.

Medical leech working as a small pharmaceutical factory solves two major problems.
  1. Relieves inflammation, pain, greatly increases the flow of arterial blood through the arteries and arterioles giving a greater amount of oxygen and tissue nutrition.
  2. Increases venous and lymphatic outflow from tissues with drainage of carbon dioxide, cell waste products and toxins.
A remarkable effect of the leeches was hundreds of years ago, known and successfully used by people in Asia and Europe. They on a whim, empirically found this wonderful animal for the treatment of many diseases. Modern science finds explanations for the phenomena of the action of Hirudo medicinalis-leeches medical.

Despite the centuries - old history of the use of medical leeches and the apparent ease of use of this method, of course, requires professional use.


If you have any questions regarding hirudotherapy, treatment of trophic ulcers and other diseases, please contact our office.
+1 (267) 632-5393
+1 (484) 485-7574

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Philadelphia, PA 19116
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